Patterns or tul form a large part of the basics learned in Tae Kwon Do. A pattern is a set of fundamental movements, mainly defence and attack, set in a logical sequence to deal with one or more imaginary opponents. This allows students to practice techniques in a controlled manner, and master the body movement, balance and positioning to achieve maximum power in the technique.
Patterns form a significant part of the grading examination, with students learning a set pattern to allow progress to the next grade through the colour belts.
Videos of the patterns can be found at http://northwalestaekwondo.com/new/NWpatternvideos.html
In total there are 24 patterns in Tae Kwon Do. The reason for the 24 patterns is because the founder (Major General Choi Hong Hi) compared the life of a man with a day in the life of the earth and believed that people should strive to bequeth a good spiritual legacy to coming generations and in doing so gain immortality. Each pattern has a meaning for students to learn, the meanings introduce students to aspects of Korean history, and are named after notable individuals who embody the tenets of Tae Kwon Do.
We have a summary sheet which outlines the patterns and requirements for each grading- download the sheet. On the front is a matrix showing the requirements at each grade, and , on the back are the meanings of patterns, belts, history of TKD etc.